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1. assimilation affecting a) the point of articulation, b) both the point of articulation and the active organ of speech.(t,d,n,l,s,z are replaced by Ɵ ð) tenth, wealth. if both variants(k,g are followed by n, n changes to ƞ)

2. assimilation affecting the manner of the production of noise(give me(gi mi) let me(le mi))

3. assimilation affecting the work of vocal cords(voiceless being replaced by a voiced gu:s but than joined gu;zberi)

4. assimilation affecting the lip position(k,g,t,s etc are used with w, kwik, twenty)

5. assimilation affecting the position of soft palate(when nasal consonants influence oral ones)

Assimilation degrees

Complete-ho:s+ʃu:=ho: ʃu:

Partial-t,d,n,l,s,z+ Ɵ ð=the main phonemic features of the former are retained but their point of articulation is changed, and they are replaced by the dental variants of the same phonemes under the influence of the following Ɵ ð.

Intermediate-when assimilated sound changes into a different sound, but does not coinside with the assimilating consonant. Gus+beri=guzberi s is replaced by z

Direction of assimilation

Progressive A→B( place)

Regresive AßB(news)

Double A<->B(twenty)

Historical assimilation-sj,zj,tj are changed into ʃ,Ʒ,ʧ



1) unrounded variant of a consonant phoneme is replaced by its rounded variant under the influence of a following rounded vowel phoneme.

2)a fully back variant of a back vowel phoneme is replaced by its slightly advanced(fronted) variant under the influence of the preceding mediolingual phoneme J

3) a vowel phoneme is represented by its slightly more open variant before the dark L.

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1 komentaras | “phonetics”

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